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As of May 22, the House Appropriations Committee has completed draft appropriations bills funding the Departments of Education and State.

Overall, our programs see significant increases in these drafts. However, the Senate has yet to agree to a budget, although negotiations among the Senate and House leadership and the White House are ongoing. It is too early to predict whether the proposed increases will be enacted, or how much will survive the eventual conference committee with the Senate.

At present, the House draft bills make the following appropriations for programs of interest to JNCL-NCLIS:

  • Department of Education:
    • Elementary and Secondary Education:
      • Title II: $2,555,830,000; an increase of $500,000,000 over FY19. Title II are state formula grants for teacher professional development; many districts have made use of this funding to support world language teacher participation in state, regional, and national conferences.
      • Title III: $980,400,000; an increase of $242,600,000. Title III provides state formula grants to support English Learners, as well as two competitive grant programs to Institutes of Higher Education for teacher preparation. The House provides significant report language as well: “The Committee recommends $980,000,000 for English Language Acquisition in fiscal year 2020, a historic increase of $242,600,000 over both the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and the fiscal year 2020 budget request. Federal data shows that significant achievement gaps exist between English learners (ELs) and their peers; however, the funding to support these students has been flat for many years. This comes at a time when many States and school districts have experienced rapid growth in their EL populations. Providing increased resources to improve educational quality for EL students is a top priority for the Committee. The Committee is aware that the statutory formula used to make English Language Acquisition allotments to States, set forth in Section 3111(c) of ESEA, does not fully capture children and youth who relocate from the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico, where Spanish is the primary language of instruction, to one of the 50 States or the District of Columbia. The Committee recommended funding is intended to help in addressing this need.”  (Draft Labor-HHS Committee report, p. 187).
      • Title IV, Part A: $1,320,000,000; an increase of $150,000,000. Title IV, Part A is another formula grant to state education agencies, and it supports curricular enhancements. Many districts are using Title IV, Part A to support professional development for language teachers, or to provide for STAMP or APPLS testing, among other uses.
      • Title VI, Native American Immersions: $4,340,000; an increase of $2,967,000 over last year.
    • Higher Education:
      • Title II (Teacher Quality Partnerships): $53,092,000; an increase of $10,000,000. Title II supports teacher training through competitive grants to consortia of Institutes of Higher Education and Local Education Agencies. Many of these grants have gone towards language teacher training. The Committee provides the following report language in its draft report: “The Committee recognizes the needs of the nation’s growing English learner (EL) student population, including a robust teacher workforce equipped to teach them. The Committee is by the shortage of EL teachers in the majority of States, as well the academic achievement gap between ELs and their native English- speaking peers and the Committee encourages the Secretary to work with grantees in strengthening and developing high-quality teacher preparation programs that enable graduates to meet the needs of EL students.” (Draft Labor-HHS Committee report, p. 206
      • Title VI/F-H see the following increases: Title VI: $80,400,000; an increase of $15,297,000, Fulbright-Hays: $8,730,000; an increase of $1,669,000.
  • Department of Health and Human Services: the committee draft provides $5,000,000 for Native American Language Immersions in Head Start programs.
  • Department of State:
    • Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs are effectively level-funded in the House bill at $730,000,000.
    • The draft bill directly addresses Title VIII on p.122: “(d) DIRECTIVES AND AUTHORITIES.— (1) RESEARCH AND TRAINING.—Funds appropriated by this Act under the heading ‘Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia’ shall be made available to carry out the Program for Research and Training on Eastern Europe and the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union as authorized by the Soviet-Eastern European Research and Training Act of 1983 (22 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.).”